What's Materials Science and Engineering?

Materials Science and Engineering involves the study of the relationships between the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, and performance of materials that enable an engineering function.

Materials Science and Engineering forms a bridge between the science and engineering. It allows theory to be put into practice in a way which benefits everyone.

Employment areas for materials science and engineering include:

  • Iron and steel
  • Ferrous and nonferrous alloys
  • Nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, graphene)
  • Energy materials (solar cells, batteries, hydrogen storage)
  • Functional thin film coatings (heat and light-sensitive smart glass)
  • Biomaterials (artificial organs, synthetic tissues)
  • Composite materials (particle-reinforced and fiber-reinforced structural composites)
  • Electronic materials (semiconductors, diodes, transistors, capacitors, 
    piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials)
  • Polymer and organic materials (plastics, elastomers, flame-retardant polymers)
  • Conventional ceramics (glasses, clay products, refractories, cement)
  • Technical ceramics (structural and functional ceramics)
  • Modeling and simulation (material properties, determination of the production process)


Materials have significantly affected social life and community life since the prehistoric era of civilization. 

The main objective of materials science is to make our lives safer, more comfortable, enjoyable by replacing the existing materials with new products with different features for future new requirements.

Types of Materials